also known as Pasture Rose, Grandulosa, Grandiflora, Texarkana
|Ascending vine or nearly erect shrub
to 2 ft in height. Stems are green-brown, with short, scattered
bristles. The Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, leaflets 3-9;
leaflets elliptic, oblong, or ovate-lanceolate, 0.6-1.3 in long and
about half as wide; glabrous above, often pubescent along the veins
beneath; dull or semi-lustrous above; acute at base; acuminate at apex;
margins coarsely toothed; petioles glabrous or somewhat pubescent, few
or no spines; adnate portion of stipules linear, free portion lanceolate,
with glandular margins; rachis glabrous or somewhat pubescent, few or no
spines. Inflorescence of solitary flowers, glandular-hispid,
pedicels 0.4-1.2 in long; sepals 5, attenuate; petals 5, pink, obovate
to obcordate; styles not exserted, pubescent, curved; stamens numerous;
flowers appear from May to July. Fruit a hip about 8 mm (0.3 in)
in diameter, subglobose, glandular-hispid, sepals reflexed, red; achenes
obovoid, fruits mature late August.
Distribution: Oklahoma, Texas,
east to Florida, north to Vermont, west to Wisconsin, Nebraska.
Soil type, dry. Flowers spring, summer, autumn
Traditional and folk remedies- rose hip skin used as treatment for upset stomach. Rose hips used to make jelly and tea. Young shoots, flowers and leaves are eaten. Forage for pheasants, prairie chickens and deer.